Saturday, April 7, 2018

Edu Passion Vlog!


On February 15th 2018, SMAN 3 Bandung held an event called Edu Passion. Here's my vlog in Edu Passion 2018, check it out!

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=16B4WfnAAHo

Wednesday, March 7, 2018

Announcement text

1. Activity 1

- Text 1

Elements of the Announcement
Found/Not Found
Details
Opening
Found
“HELLO GEORGETOWN”
Contents
Found
Information about a new store of Ludlow Suit Shop on April 2013. The information about the new location of the store is not found, but  The current location is in M Street.
Closing
Found
Contact information through email georgetown@jcrew.com

















- Text 2

Elements of the Announcement
Found/Not Found
Details
Opening
Found
“Call For Proposals”
Contents
Found
Information of proposal about H5N1
Closing
Found
Detail information that attached at WHO Indonesia Country Office Website












-Text 3

Elements of the Announcement
Found/Not Found
Details
Opening
Found
Announcement about new
Contents
Found
Information about new address of NeoSys Computer Store in Jl. Melati Utara no. 14 Lumajang and about their old store that became NeoSys Service Center.
Closing
Found
Contact information by phone and website.

























- Text 4
Elements of the Announcement
Found/Not Found
Details
Opening
Not Found
-
Contents
Found
Information about the opening of new branches to allow their administrative business to be conducted in regional location
Closing
Found
Owner’s expectation to meet closely with their costumers.


























2. Activity 2

NO
TEXT
TRUE/FALSE
1
TEXT A
True. The title of the text is a notice but the content is a an announcement
2
TEXT B
True.
3
TEXT C
False. It’s an invitation.
4
TEXT D
True.
5
TEXT E
True. Actually it can count as an invitation too, but for public.

Wednesday, February 21, 2018

The Food Of Hell From Indonesia

Original text:
Famous as one of the best tropical countries, Indonesia provides tons of uniqueness and excitement. Its nature, culture, and art always bring millions of tourist each year. However, this time we are going to talk about one thing, Indonesia’s cuisine, in particular Sambal.
Sambal or sambel is infamous among tourist as the food of hell for its undeniable ability to make the consumer produces tears and sweat when eating. Produced using chili as its main ingredient, sambal is indeed taste extremely spicy.
Sambal is made by grinding ‘cabai’ or chili, along with several complements such as onion, bell pepper,  tomato, ‘terasi’, sugar, and salt. The ingredients are grinded using traditional tool made usually from wood. The texture is smooth with a vibrant color of green and red, depending on which chili you use.

Infamous among tourists for its spiciness, many tourists avoid it. However, some of them are challenged and try to eat it. Those who dare to try usually will get stomach ache or turn very red and sweaty in the face. Though super spicy, locals eat it in almost daily basis as their main meal.

Generic Structure:
Generic structure
Text
Identification
Famous as one of the best tropical countries, Indonesia provides tons of uniqueness and excitement. Its nature, culture, and art always bring millions of tourist each year. However, this time we are going to talk about one thing, Indonesia’s cuisine, in particular Sambal.
Sambal or sambel is infamous among tourist as the food of hell for its undeniable ability to make the consumer produces tears and sweat when eating. Produced using chili as its main ingredient, sambal is indeed taste extremely spicy.

Description
Sambal is made by grinding ‘cabai’ or chili, along with several complements such as onion, bell pepper, tomato, ‘terasi’, sugar, and salt. The ingredients are grinded using traditional tool made usually from wood. The texture is smooth with a vibrant color of green and red, depending on which chili you use.
Infamous among tourists for its spiciness, many tourists avoid it. However, some of them are challenged and try to eat it. Those who dare to try usually will get stomach ache or turn very red and sweaty in the face. Though super spicy, locals eat it in almost daily basis as their main meal.


Edited text:
Famous as one of the best tropical countries, Indonesia provides tons of uniqueness and excitement. Its nature, culture, and art always bring millions of tourist each year. However, this time we are going to talk about one thing, Indonesia’s cuisine, in particular, Sambal.

Sambal or sambel is infamous among tourist as the food of hell for its undeniable ability to make the consumer produces tears and sweat when eating. Produced using chili as its main ingredient, sambal is indeed tasted extremely spicy.
Sambal is made by grinding ‘cabai’ or chili, along with several complements such as onion, tomato, ‘terasi’, sugar, and salt. Some sambals made with bell paper, but Indonesian people usually don't use bell pepper. The ingredients are grinded using a traditional tool made usually of stone, called pestle and mortar. The texture is smooth with a vibrant color of green and red, depending on which chili you use.
Various recipes of sambals usually are served as hot and spicy condiments for dishes, such as lalab (raw vegetables), ikan bakar (grilled fish), ikan goreng (fried fish), ayam goreng (fried chicken), ayam penyet (smashed chicken), iga penyet (ribs) and various sotosoup. There are many varieties of sambal, such as sambal bajak, samabal balado, sambal goreng, sambal matah, and many more.

Infamous among tourists for its spiciness, many tourists avoid it. However, some of them are challenged and try to eat it. Those who dare to try usually will get a stomach ache or turn very red and sweaty in the face. Though super spicy, locals eat it almost daily basis as a condiment.


source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sambal

Sunday, February 11, 2018

Avicenna




Ibn Sina (often known by his Latin name of Avicenna) was the most influential and renowned philosopher and scientist of the Islamic world. Popularly known as the father of modern medicine, he researched and came out with pioneering works in aromatherapy. He was born on August 22, 980 in Bukhara, Iran (now Uzbekistan) and died on June 21, 1037 in Hamadan, Iran. He is known till date for his Aristotelian philosophy and medicine. He worked on various subjects including philosophy, astronomy, alchemy, geology, psychology, Islamic theology, logic, mathematics, physics, as well as poetry. He came up with more than 450 works in his lifetime of which only 240 survive.

His most important contribution to medical science was his famous book Al Qanun Fi Al-Tibb (The Canon of Medicine). This book is an immense five volumes encyclopedia of medicine containing over a million words. It comprises of medical knowledge available from ancient and Muslim sources. His other major work is ‘Kitāb al-shifāʾ (The Book of Healing), a scientific and philosophical encyclopedia.

This great scientist was born in around 980 A.D in the village of Afshana, near Bukhara, now in Uzbekistan, which is also his mother’s hometown. His father, Abdullah an advocate of the Ismaili sect, was from Balkh which is now a part of Afghanistan. Ibn Sina received his early education in his home town and by the age of ten he became a Quran Hafiz (he had memorized the Quran). He had exceptional intellectual skills which enabled him to overtake his teachers at the age of fourteen. During the next few years he devoted himself to Muslim jurisprudence, philosophy and natural science and studied logic, Euclid, and Ptolemy’s Almagest.

At the age of sixteen he dedicated all his efforts to learn medicine and by the time he was eighteen gained the status of a reputed physician. During this time he cured Nuh II, Ruler of the Samanids, of an illness in which all the renowned physicians had given up hope. On this great effort, the Amir wished to reward him, and the young physician requested consent to use his exclusively stocked royal library.

On his father’s death, when Ibn Sina was twenty-two years old, he moved to Jurjan near the Caspian Sea where he lectured on logic and astronomy. Here he also met his famous contemporary Abu Rayhan al-Biruni. Later he travelled to Rey and then to Hamadan (both in present day Iran), where he wrote and taught his works. Here he also cured Shams al-Dawla, the Emir of Hamadan, from a severe illness.

From Hamadan, he moved to Isfahan (now in central Iran), where he finished his epic writings. Nevertheless, he continued to travel and too much mental exertion as well as political chaos affected his health.

Avicenna’s most important contribution to medical science was his famous book Al Qanun Fi Al-Tibb (The Canon of Medicine), known as the “Canon” in the West. This book was an immense five volume encyclopedia of medicine including over a million words. It comprised of medical knowledge available from ancient and Muslim sources. This book was translated into Latin in the twelfth century and was used as the standard medical text in European universities until the mid-seventeenth century.
His other major work was “The Book of Healing”, a scientific and philosophical encyclopedia. This book was intended to ‘heal’ the soul. It was split into four parts: logic, natural sciences, mathematics and metaphysics. In his book, he developed his own system of logic, Avicennian logic. In astronomy, he proposed that Venus was closer to the Sun than the Earth. He invented an instrument for observing the coordinates of a star. He made several astronomical observations and stated that the stars were self-luminous. In mathematics, Avicenna explained the arithmetical concept and application of the “casting out of nines”. Ibn Sina also contributed to poetry, religion and music. In total, Avicenna wrote over 400 works, of which around 240 have survived.

The last decade or so of his life, he spent in the service of a military commander Ala al-Dawla Muhammad. He served him as a physician and general literary and scientific consultant, including during his campaigns. He died during June 1037 A.D, aged 58 and was buried in Hamedan, Iran.


Friday, January 12, 2018

Koalas!

Scientific Classification of Koala:
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Infraclass: Marsupialia
Order: Diprotodontia
Family: Phascolarctidae
Genus: Phascolarctos
Species: P. cinereus






The koala (Phascolarctos cinereus) is an arboreal herbivorous marsupial native to AustraliaThe koala is one of the world’s most iconic animal species  It is the only extant representative of the family Phascolarctidae and its closest living relatives are the wombats. The koala is found in coastal areas of the mainland's eastern and southern regions, inhabiting QueenslandNew South WalesVictoria, and South Australia. It is easily recognisable by its stout, tailless body and large head with round, fluffy ears and large, spoon-shaped nose. The koala has a body length of 60–85 cm (24–33 in) and weighs 4–15 kg (9–33 lb), making it the largest arboreal marsupials. Koala's fur colour ranges from silver grey to chocolate brown. The fur of the koala is thicker and longer on the back, and shorter on the belly. The ears have thick fur on both the inside and outside. The back fur colour varies from light grey to chocolate brown.Koalas from the northern populations (Queensland) are typically smaller and lighter in colour than their counterparts further south (Victoria). 

Koalas are herbivorous, and while most of their diet consists of eucalypt leaves, they can be found in trees of other genera, such as AcaciaAllocasuarinaCallitrisLeptospermum, and Melaleuca. Despite there being around 600 different species of eucalyptus, Koalas only seem to feed on 30 of them which depends on the surrounding habitat. They tend to choose species that have a high protein content and low proportions of fibre and lignin. The most favoured species are Eucalyptus microcorysE. tereticornis, and E. camaldulensis, which, on average, make up more than 20% of their diet. Despite its reputation as a fussy eater, the koala is more generalist than some other marsupial species, such as the greater glider. Since eucalypt leaves have a high water content, the koala does not need to drink often. Koalas consume up to 400 grams (14 oz) of leaves a day, spread over four to six feeding sessions.

The Koala is a solitary and nocturnal animal that spends most of the daytime hours sleeping in the fork of a eucalyptus tree.  Everything from sleeping to eating and even breeding is done in the trees as although Koalas are known to come down to the ground quite frequently, it is only so they are able to move to another tree.

adult Koalas have very few natural 
predators with the exception of large Birds of Prey. Young Koalas are more vulnerable however and are preyed on by a number of different animals including Snakes, but both are most threatened by domestic animals particularly dogs that not only attack Koalas but are also known to spread disease into local populations.



Life Cycle of the Koala



The breeding season for Koalas is approximately August to February. Females generally start breeding at about three or four years of age, usually producing one offspring each year. However, not all females in a wild population will breed each year; some produce offspring only every two or three years, depending on factors such as age and habitat quality. In the average female's 12-year life span, she may produce five or six offspring over her lifetime. Once conceived, it is only 35 days before the birth of the baby Koala, called a "joey". The newborn is tiny (at roughly 2 centimeters long and less than 1 gram in weight), and looks like a pink jellybean; totally hairless, blind, with no ears. The joey makes its way from the birth canal to the pouch. Once inside the safety of the pouch, the joey attaches itself to one of the two teats, which swells to fill its mouth. This prevents the joey from being dislodged from its food source. The mother contracts her strong sphincter muscle at the pouch opening to prevent the baby from falling out.

The young Koala only drinks its mother's milk for the first six to seven months and remains in the pouch for that time, slowly growing and developing eyes, ears and fur.  After having spent their first six months of life developing in their mother's pouch suckling milk, baby Koalas must then attempt to eat solid foods with the first one being the soft droppings of their mother. Young Koalas are thought to do this as it contains a number of microbes that help the young to both fight off disease and to begin digesting the tough, fibrous leaves of the eucalyptus. At about 22 weeks, its eyes open and it begins to peep out of the pouch. From about 22 to 30 weeks, it begins to feed upon a substance called "pap", which the mother produces in addition to milk. The young Koala continues to take milk from its mother until it is about a year old, but as it can no longer fit in the pouch, the mother's teat elongates to protrude from the pouch opening. Young Koalas remain with their mothers until the appearance outside the pouch of the next season's joey. It is then time for the joey to disperse and find its own home range. If a female does not reproduce each year, the joey stays with her longer and has a greater chance of survival alone.






Fun Facts!

Koalas sleep 20 hours a day and only 4 hours a day are spent in active movement!!
Because they get so little energy from their diet, koalas must limit their energy use and sleep 20 hours a day; only 4 hours a day are spent in active movement. They are predominantly active at night and spend most of their waking hours feeding. They typically eat and sleep in the same tree, possibly for as long as a day. On very hot days, a koala may climb down to the coolest part of the tree which is cooler than the surrounding air. The koala hugs the tree to lose heat without panting. On warm days, a koala may rest with its back against a branch or lie on its stomach or back with its limbs dangling. During cold, wet periods, it curls itself into a tight ball to conserve energy. On windy days, a koala finds a lower, thicker branch on which to rest. While it spends most of the time in the tree, the animal descends to the ground to move to another tree, walking on all fours. The koala usually grooms itself with its hindpaws, but sometimes uses its forepaws or mouth. Koalas are asocial animals and spend just 15 minutes a day on social behaviors.




Koalas doesn't need to drink often!
Due to the fact that Koalas sustain themselves on a diet that is only comprised of leaves they have little need to drink as they get almost all of the water that they need through their food. However, living on a diet that is so low in nutrients has led to the Koala evolving a very small brain for its body size as this organ can drain the body's energy supplies.



source:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Koala
https://www.savethekoala.com/about-koalas/life-cycle-koala
https://a-z-animals.com/animals/koala/



Edu Passion Vlog!

On February 15th 2018, SMAN 3 Bandung held an event called Edu Passion. Here's my vlog in Edu Passion 2018, check it out! https://...